Welcome to E+C Spot On Archive

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Highlights
Control systems and automation
IEC-61850: Promise and pitfalls
Selecting the right protocol, with the right mix of features and functions, will enable the exchange of all desired data and decide the success of any substation automation project.
Transformers+Substations Handbook
Power transformers – design and manufacture
From the perspective of the utility, power transformer efficiency has become one of the more important considerations – and the fundamentals of how the power transformer is built are critical.
Transformers and substations
Transforming’ transformer monitoring technology
Effective early warning systems ensure that transformer outages, maintenance and replacements can be planned.